We would be grateful to learn of your opinion of this website project.


Dr. Dinah Jung HP
Email: jung [at]
The website project has grown out of a research project at the University of Heidelberg, Collaborative Research Center 'Ritual Dynamics', 2009-2013.
Principal investigator: Prof. Dr. Lothar Ledderose.

Research assistants team: Jiani Gao, Rima Haj Rachid, Stephanie Akiko Haschke, Tayebeh Rafiee Sadi, and others.


The project is nowadays related with:

Cluster of Excellence 'Asia and Europe in a Global Context'

HCTS Professorship 'Cultural Economic History' – Prof. Dr. Harald Fuess

Karl-Jaspers-Centre for Advanced Transcultural Studies

University of Heidelberg

Vossstr. 2

D - 69115 Heidelberg

scientific board

- currently being established -


Prof. Dr. Sebastian Günther (University of Göttingen)

Prof. Dr. Efraim Lev (University of Haifa)

Prof. Dr. Jenny So (Chinese University of Hong Kong)

Prof. Dr. Christoph Wulf (Free University of Berlin and First Vice President of the German UNESCO Commission)



This project has been possible through the enormous support by uncounted perfumery stakeholders and representatives of cultural institutions in Asia and various others all over Asia and beyond:

  • Producers of raw materials and fine products, retailers, vendors, consumers in Asia.
  • Museums, archives, libraries, educational institutions in Asia and beyond.
  • NGOs in Asia and beyond.


Due to the impossibility of presenting all Asian perfumery businesses individually on this website, none of them is named here in favor of impartialness towards all of them.



All pictures were taken by Dinah Jung, 2002-2014. We are not aware of any infringements of copyrights concerning their display here. If however there are, we kindly ask you to get in touch with us.

legal notice

This website is a private initiative for exclusively scholarly purposes.


Limitation of liability

The contents of this website were written with the greatest care possible. However, the service provider does not assume any liability for the accuracy, completeness and actuality of the accessible contents. The use of the accessible contents is performed at users' own risk. The contents provided by named authors reflect the opinion of the respective authors and are not always the opinion of the service provider.

This website contains links to third party websites (external links). The respective operators of these websites are liable for their contents.

The service provider assumes no responsibility for their contents, has no influence on their design or contents, and hereby explicitly denies any connection with them. The users bear sole responsibility for the use of links which lead to pages outside of this website.



The contents and works published on this website are protected by copyright. Any utilization not permitted by German copyright requires a prior written approval by the respective author or originator. This applies in particular to duplication, editing, translation, storage, processing or reproduction of contents in databases or other electronic media and systems. In this context the contents and contributions of third parties must be designated as such. The unapproved duplication or distribution of individual contents or complete pages is prohibited and subject to criminal prosecution. The only copying and downloading permitted are for personal, private and non-commercial use.
 Links to the provider's website are welcome anytime and do not require the approval of the website provider. The presentation of this website in third-party frames is only allowed with permission.

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text and photos: © dr. dinah jung, 2002-2015. all rights reserved.