HISTORY OF ASIAN PERFUMERY ARTS
- Appreciation of the fragrant landscape presumably since the beginning of Asian civilization and throughout Asia.
- Provable origins of a 'handicraft' over 2–3,000 years ago.
- Specialization of a perfumery art – i.e. skills of conserving and refining the aromatics as well as as appreciating them reverently – over the course of the centuries at exclusive locations.
- Intracontinental transmission of materials, techniques and meanings via land and sea routes over the course of time – with the effect of exchange and mutual inspiration.
- Notable entanglement with Western business activities since the 16th century.
FAMOUS REPRESENTATIVES OF ASIA'S ENDEMIC AROMATIC RESOURCES
Agarwood – ambergris – basil – benzoin – birch – cajeput – camellia – camphor – cardamom – cassia – cedar – cinnamon – civet – cloves – conifer – coriander – cypress – elemi – eucalyptus – fenugreek – fir – frangipani – frankincense – galbanum – gallnuts – ginger – jasmine – kanuka – lemongrass – lily – litsea – magnolia – maple – musk – myrrh – neroli – nutmeg – osmanthus – palmarosa – patchouli – pepper – pine – rhododendron – rosemary – roses – saffron – sandalwood – shell hinges – spikenard – spruce – star anise – storax – tea tree – tuberose – tulsi – vetiver – yarrow – ylang-ylang.
TYPICAL (NATURAL AND MAN-MADE) AROMATIC PRODUCTS
- the natural surrounding as such
- aromatic wood artefacts
- fresh (parts of) plants (flowers, herbs, and other)
- dried (parts of) plants (flowers, herbs and other)
- incense cake (as balls, cookies, soft sticks)
- incense sticks (including a wood stick)
TRADITIONAL WAYS OF APPRECIATING FRAGRANCES REVERENTLY
- Sensory appreciation of the natural atmosphere by full awareness.
- Garden architecture.
- Fragrant sacrifices to divine entities.
- Noble gesture of respect and hospitality to the community.
- Ritual appreciation of select olfactory notes for leisure and spiritual aims.
- Therapeutic use of aromatics.
- Flavoring food.